One of Indonesia’s cultural treasures that invites admiration even to the world community is the variety of traditional carving motifs that Indonesia has. There are many types and motifs of carving, for example, woodcarving which produces beautiful works and is much sought after by people from domestic to the world community.
In addition to the amazing works, many kinds of handicrafts are produced, because Indonesia is indeed made up of many tribes and cultures, each of which features its own characteristics. For this reason, in the following we will introduce various types of traditional Indonesian carvings based on their respective characteristics
Various Types of Original Traditional Carvings from Indonesia
1. Jepara Carving Crafts
The city of Jepara, located in the province of Central Java, Indonesia, has been successfully designated as The World Carving Center. This is because Jepara is a very famous place for its carved handicrafts which are also applied to a wide variety of furniture products as well as furniture and household products.
One of the famous carving design motifs typical of Jepara is the shape of a creeping plant decorated with small stalks with elongated grooves, wide leaf motifs and tapered ends of the leaves.
Jepara is also known as an area that manages wood from industrial forest products, some of which are famous for the production of furniture from teak and mahogany wood. One area in Jepara that is famous for its carvings is the village of Mulyoharjo, which produces many carvings and sculptures.
2. Balinese Carving Crafts
Bali has been famous since the royal era, producing carvings that depict the atmosphere and conditions of each era, and even now the results of its carvings continue to develop according to the times and the progress of the modern era.
The hallmark of Balinese carving is to embody the shapes of leaves, flowers and fruit by clearly highlighting their convex and concave shapes. The results of this Balinese carving craft are made in various carving media such as teak, mojang echo and cempaka wood. In addition, the results of Balinese carving can also be applied to stone media which can be carved and carved into various works of art.
3. Dayak Carving Crafts
The Dayak tribe in Kalimantan has many works of art such as body painting, and also wood carving which is implemented into Dayak carvings. The results of this Dayak carving craft can be found in the manufacture of betang houses or also in the crafts of various household properties to various artistic devices.
The distinctive feature of this Dayak carving craft is that the carving results display natural motifs, such as the embodiment of various forms of plants, plants and animals typical of Kalimantan. The results of this Dayak carving craft have high and strong ethnic values so that they are in great demand by various groups of people, both local and foreign.
4. Asmat Carving Crafts
The Asmat tribe is a tribe that inhabits and originates from the Papua region, Indonesia. The results of Asmat carvings display a variety of iconic works of art. The results of these carvings can appear in various media with their distinctive motifs which are usually in the form of paddles, shields, bows, drums and many other motifs related to the daily life of the Asmat tribe.
5. Toraja Carving Crafts
The Toraja people are indigenous people from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Many carvings from the Toraja tribe are found in traditional houses and also in various forms of furniture products. The motifs of the carvings symbolize that the people of Toraja must help each other, whether they come from the family or not.
The distinctive feature of the Toraja carving craft is the dominant red and black colors which are characteristic of the land of Toraja itself. There are various types of carvings produced, one of which is famous is the Pa’tedong carving which gives the appearance of a buffalo.
6. Aceh Carving Crafts
Aceh is the westernmost part of Indonesia, producing a lot of carving crafts which are applied to the walls of houses as wall decorations, the pillars of the house or on the decorations in the house. The distinctive feature of Acehnese carvings is that they depict floral or plant motifs and do not use faunal motifs. Meanwhile, there are two types, namely crafts with translucent or perforated motifs and those with impermeable motifs.tags: indonesian carving crafts